PHL 417 – Logic – Fall 2015
Michel Legault, MSA
email@example.com, (860 632 3082)
1. COURSE DESCRIPTION
This course provides a philosophical investigation of the human knowledge about the human way of expressing his mind. The course wants to answer the following questions:
What are the operations of the human mind?
What is simple apprehension?
How terms and concepts express our thought?
What is the definition of a term?
What tools do we use to build a definition?
What is judging?
How a proposition can express a judgment?
What is reasoning?
What are the laws of reasoning?
How can we distinguish a valid reasoning from a fallacy?
The program to be covered is the following:
1. a philosophical investigation of the three acts of the human intellect: simple apprehension, judgment and reasoning from an Aristotelian perspective.
2. the first operation of the human mind, the simple apprehension, through the notions of concepts and words, signs in definition, universals, categories, predicables;
3. the second operation of the human mind, judgment, through the study conversion, obversion and opposition of propositions
4. the third operation of the human mind, reasoning, through the discovery of the nature of categorical and hypothetical syllogisms, induction and deduction, elements of symbolic logic, and fallacies.
- Students will find answers to the questions just above expressed about the varied operations of the human mind. They will acquire the “grammar” of thinking.
- Students will articulate this information through an active and attentive class participation, personal readings and practical exercises as well as through an open dialog between students and teacher.
- Students will acquire the knowledge of the three acts of the human intellect as well as the laws which govern them.
- Students will study the laws of logic that will make them able to attain adequate concepts through definition and division, formulate valid judgments flowing from sound demonstrations. So they will be able to form better definitions, express true judgments, and avoid fallacies in order to attain and express the truth.
- Students will assimilate a rich philosophical terminology and valuable information which will enable them to study philosophy and theology fruitfully. Logic is an excellent way to introduce students into the world of philosophy.
- In order to verify if the information acquired and the terms contained in the glossary are well assimilated, written exams and sort tests will be used by the teacher.